Czar’s soldier returns home
The teacher Reb Avrom was a short, thin man, with a wispy white beard and a black yarmulke on his head. (photo from wikimedia.org)
This is the story my father, Ya’akov, told me. He had heard it from his grandfather, Chaim, who was there in the Russian shtetl when the event took place, during the reign of the czar.
One snowless early winter’s day, end of November, just before Chanukah, a solidly built man – he seemed to be in his mid-thirties – appeared in our shtetl, Kariukovke. He wore a khaki-coloured greatcoat, a peasant’s hat with earflaps, and he had knapsack on his back. It was obviously an army uniform but it lacked any insignias or markings. He spoke a rough-edged Yiddish with an equally rough Russian accent. To the first groups of Jews he met, he said he had just finished his obligatory 25 years of service in the czar’s army and he was returning home. He said his name was Dovid.
Judging by the way he spoke, people looked at him skeptically.
“Are you a Jew?”
He laughed bitterly. “What? You think I’m a goy? In the army they sure didn’t treat me like a goy. Ikh bin a Yid,” he added in Yiddish. “I am a Jew.”
But people weren’t convinced. Out of range of his hearing, they murmured that he was a Russky trying to get money before Chanukah, or perhaps trying to find lodging in the old age home, which always welcomed Jewish travelers.
“Why did you come to Kariukovke?”
“Where else should I go? This is where I was born, where my family lived, and it is from here the czar’s abductors took me. I was not yet 13.”
It was true. Years ago, the abductors, “snatchers,” khappers they were called in Yiddish, were active, taking even little children. But Kariukovke had suffered a rare pogrom about a dozen years back and many Jews had left the shtetl. Other Jews, fleeing incidents in their villages, sought refuge in Kariukovke. Jews evidently put into practice the old Hebrew expression: change your place, change your luck. In any case, no one in town remembered such an abduction from 25 years ago. Indeed, throughout the years, some youngsters left of their own accord to try their luck in America.
“Take me to my father Motl’s house.”
“Motl who? There are and there were lots of Motls here.”
“Motl the carpenter.”
The men looked at one another. One of them, the oldest of the group, a man in his seventies, nodded his head slowly.
“There actually were three by that name. But none is alive.”
“None? Not one? My father dead?”
“We had a pogrom here about 12 years ago, which you obviously didn’t know about. And people die just like that, too.”
The newcomer, who said his name was Dovid, covered his face with his hands and began sobbing like a baby.
“And what’s your mother’s name?”
“Do you know how many Rivkes we have here?”
“But married to Motl the carpenter?”
The men looked at one another and shrugged.
“What’s your family name?”
“We hardly ever used our family name,” Dovid said. “They called my father Motl the Carpenter and I was Motl’s son. And in the army they didn’t use last names. They always called me Motl Yid.”
“Wait a minute,” the older man said. “Now I remember. There was a Rivke married to a Motl the carpenter. I think the family name was Shatsky.”
“Dovid, was your family name Shatsky?” I asked.
“What do you mean, maybe. How can a man forget his family name?”
“Like I said, they never called you by your family name in the army. Anyway, do we use family names here in the shtetl? You’re called by your first name and what line of work you do. Like Motl Shneider, the tailor. And Avrom Shuster, the shoemaker. And if you’ve been in the czar’s army for 25 years, and your childhood and youth and many of your precious grownup years are wasted, you forget a lot of things. It’s a miracle I remember what I remember.”
We all stared at him. He looked like a goy but spoke Yiddish. He threw in lots of Russian words and, at times, it seemed he was translating from Russian into Yiddish. Had you heard him from a distance, his language would not have sounded Yiddish. His speech had the rhythms and cadences of Russian. And it should be said that speaking Yiddish did not automatically identify a person as a Jew. We had a number of goyim in town who worked for Jews who spoke Yiddish fluently.
The former soldier, Dovid, claimed he had spoken only Russian for 25 years. That was probably why the Slavic overwhelmed his Yiddish.
Then, someone in our group took out a little siddur and showed it to Dovid.
“Can you read?”
“I haven’t looked at a siddur in 25 years. I forgot how to read?”
“How can a Jew forget to read?”
Dovid went up to the man and looked him in the face. The man, apparently frightened, backed off.
“Have you ever been in the czar’s army for 25 years? Anything, everything, is possible…. But I still remember the Shma Yisroel. That they couldn’t wipe away from me. I said it to myself every night. Every night. I didn’t miss a night.” And he brought the palm of his right hand to his eyes, covered them, and recited the Shma fervently.
But even this did not persuade the group of men. They said that they had known Russkies who could imitate those words and that gesture, too.
But why should a Russian want to pass himself off as a Jew in a land where there was so much antisemitism, both popular and official? The answer is that the Jewish community was known for caring for its own. The man who claimed to be Dovid was no doubt hoping for a bed in the poorhouse or in the old age home, or a place in someone’s house until he found a job. He was still young and would likely find work as a carpenter.
“Ikh bin a Yid,” he kept saying, at times declaring it forthrightly, at times in a tone of complaint. “They snatched me away when I was only 12, a year before my bar mitzvah, and forced me into the army. They wanted to break me, all the antisemites, but they didn’t. They couldn’t make me a Christian. I’m still a Jew. Ikh bin a Yid.”
We exchanged glances. He was sounding more and more like a Jew. But what Jew didn’t know his family name? What Jew can’t read from the siddur? What Jew speaks Yiddish like it comes out of the mouth of a muzhhik, a peasant?
Because of the troubles that Kariukovke had experienced, and because Dovid’s parents were no longer alive, there was no one who could remember his kidnapping into the czar’s army.
“I was looking for my father’s little house before I met you,” Dovid told us, “but I couldn’t find it. The town has changed.”
“We’ve had turmoil here,” I said. “Pogromists. Fires. New construction ordered by the authorities.”
Dovid looked down. “I thought I would be able to return to my parents’ house.”
We didn’t know what to say. I felt sorry for the man. Should I invite him to stay with our family?
Meanwhile, Dovid stood there silently, shifting his weight from one leg to another.
One of the men near me ran into a house and came out with a glass of water for Dovid, which he drank eagerly.
“Are you hungry?” another man asked.
Dovid shook his head. Then he said in an upbeat voice, “Is Avrom the teacher still alive?”
We looked at him, bewildered. How did he know the old teacher?
“Why do you ask?”
“Is he alive?”
“Yes, he’s very old.”
“I know. He wasn’t young years ago. Where is he?”
“Why do you want to know?”
“Why don’t you answer me? Stop asking me why. Where does he live?”
“In the old age home.”
“Is he well?”
“For a man in his late eighties, maybe nineties, he is quite well and alert.”
“Take me to him. I want to see him.”
We all walked through the quiet streets to the two-storey community old age home. Inside, a few residents sat in the living room.
We walked up to Reb Avrom’s room, knocked on the door, and opened it. Reb Avrom was sitting at his table, studying a text. He was no doubt surprised to see so many people, including one who looked like a soldier. Avrom was a short, thin man, with a wispy white beard and a black yarmulke on his head. He looked calmly at all of us, but stared intently at the former soldier.
As soon as Dovid saw the old man, he ran up to him and cried out, his voice choking, “Rebbe, it’s me, your student, Dovid. Do you remember me?”
Avrom rose and, with an agility that belied his years, he gave us that heartfelt broad smile that was an ingrained part of his personality.
“Dovid, Dovid.” Avrom shook his head, a sort of rocking motion that did not quite indicate yes or no.
“Rebbe, you were my teacher. I was 12 years old. Studying with you. It was a few days before Chanukah, just like right now, when the czar’s men came in suddenly and snatched me away.”
“How many years ago?”
Now Reb Avrom was nodding. “Yes. It sounds familiar. A long time ago.”
“Twenty-five years, rebbe,” Dovid said with a tear in his voice. “Twenty-five long years with them. They tried, but they couldn’t break me. Ikh bin a Yid. Ikh bin geblibn a Yid. I remained a Jew.”
Reb Avrom clapped his hands. “They burst in. I pleaded with them. He’s an only child, I said. It’s against the czar’s law to take an only child. But they didn’t listen. They didn’t care. It was a cold day. A few days before Chanukah.”
“I asked the soldiers, let me at least say goodbye to my father and mother. But they didn’t.” Dovid’s eyes widened and a glow spread over his dusky face as if he was having a revelation. He looked at Reb Avrom’s face as though he wanted to absorb its essence. “We were studying the laws of Chanukah when they barged in.”
Reb Avrom interrupted. “Yes, yes. That’s what I was going over with you. From Joseph Caro’s Shulchan Orukh, the Code of Law.”
“You were reading what happens if a person doesn’t have enough money to buy both Shabbes candles and Chanukah candles.”
Reb Avrom began in a sing-song voice, reciting in Hebrew, “It’s from Chapter 678 from the Shulchan Orukh. If one has insufficient means to purchase both Chanukah candles and Shabbes candles….”
Dovid closed his eyes and continued chanting in Hebrew with his rebbe. Now both their voices rang out and, as if in a rehearsed duet, their two voices joined in song: “… that person should purchase Shabbes candles because they bring about peace in one’s household. But, if one already owns Shabbes candles but only has enough money to either purchase wine for the Shabbes Kiddush or Chanukah candles, then one should purchase Chanukah candles since it involves showing off the miracle of Chanukah.”
With tears in his eyes, Reb Avrom came up to Dovid, embraced him and kissed both his cheeks. The tears of both men intermingled.
“That’s what we were studying when they came…. And you remembered every word. After 25 years.”
“Dear rebbe, I always thought of you. You were like a second father to me.”
And Dovid bent down and kissed the rebbe’s cheek.
“Borukh ha-bo, tayerer Yid. Welcome, dear Jew. Welcome home. And a freylekhen Khanike.”
I looked around. Every man’s face was wet, yet every man was smiling. Now, too, all of us embraced Dovid. And now all of us vied as to who would be the first to welcome him to stay with us throughout Chanukah, until he settled in.
And, with the return of a Jew after 25 years, it was indeed a freylekhen Khanike in Kariukovke.
Curt Leviant’s most recent books are the critically acclaimed novels King of Yiddish and Kafka’s Son.